Gerontic nurses work with healthy elderly person in their communities, acutely ill elders requiring hospitalization and treatment, and chronically ill or disabled. Aust Nurses J. May;12(10) Gerontic nursing–a new impetus in nursing care. Ryan R. Aged; Australia; Geriatric Nursing/trends*; Humans. Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”? Gunter LM. PMID: ; [Indexed MeSH terms. Geriatric Nursing*; Humans; Terminology as Topic.
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The birth of gerontological nursing research to provide a strong, independent knowledge base to link research with the increasing complexity of practice expertise began in the late s.
Nomenclature: what is in the name, “gerontic nursing”?
Gerontological nursing has taken several centuries to become acknowledged as a separate nursing specialty. Aging Scientific Perspectives and Social Issues2d ed. The impact of world population changes.
Gerontological nurses must have the knowledge and skill to manage care focused upon normal and abnormal age-related physical changes e.
As the population has shifted nursig baby boomers to senior surgethe demand for expertise in this escalating population has also intensified. In nirsing to the continued use of the term geriatricthe term gerontological nursing was in use by the early s to reflect the provision of care and the treatment of the whole person, not only care of disease in a medical setting.
The future is nutsing for gerontological nursing as an acknowledged and well-respected specialty within nursing, as well as a discipline among its interdisciplinary colleagues in efforts to improve care for older persons throughout the world. In developed countries, even with reduced family size, childless marriages, fewer single adult daughters, and increasing numbers of middle-aged women in the work force all of which have led to decreasing availability gedontic opportunity for children to care directly for aging parentsthe first and major resource for elderly persons is still the family: Specific university-prepared nursig practice streams now include nurse practitioners as clinical nurse specialists and expanded role nurses, among others, providing advanced practice knowledge to older populations.
Gerontology is the preferred term for the normal aging process including the biologic, psychosocial and spiritual aspects of the older adult. Nursing and the Aged: Additionally, the growth in the number of older adults, and in the cultural care of elderly persons around the world, must be considered.
Nightingale initiated such advances as the establishment of an organized training school and a formalized and standardized organization, thus finally turning nursing into a suitable occupation for gerntic. A North American gerontological nursing text was published inand a monthly journal devoted to gerontological nursing began publication in In North Americathe immigration boom between and also added to the number of older persons at the turn of the century.
In the mids, the Crimean War provided Florence Nightingale with the necessary geronyic of public support to effect changes in nursing. With a shift change of focus from greontic in children and adolescents towards the elderly in societal emphasis giving visibility to elderly persons, the nursing community has focused upon gerontuc population in terms of increasing their knowledge base and increased education in this neophyte specialty field.
A Canadian Perspective3d ed. Human Needs and Nursing Response4th ed. A more recent term, gerontic nursingrefines the sphere of responsibility of gerontological nurses who care for the elderly by encompassing the art and intuition of caring and maintaining the “well elderly” as well as emphasizing illness and scientific principles of care. In its most early phases, nurses were almost gerontiv female family members.
The development of nursing has followed the development of mankind. Nursing gained ground toward becoming a profession due to the care provided to the poor, the indigent, the infirm, and the insane; to prisoners and orphans; as well as to women during childbirth and to people during war times.
Its rise should be understood within the context of the emergence and development of the nursing profession generally. Gerontology began as an inquiry into the characteristics of long-lived people. A Self-Care Approach3d ed. It is important to note that the preparation of gerontological nurses is dictated somewhat by the cultural strictures and interpretations of a particular society’s definition of older persons, which will influence the status of this specialty in different countries.
Other nursing specialty organizations developed in Australia and Great Britain. Standards of nursing practice have been developed in various countries to define the uniqueness and scope of gerontic nursing practice and to provide a foundation for evaluation of nursing practice in all settings where the focus of care is on the older person. The nursing profession has clearly been affected by the increased aging of the world population, the sheer numbers of elderly people, and the different ways the world’s elderly persons are treated.
Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography. Religious orders played an important part in the development of nursing care facilities through care provided in their convents, abbeys, and almshouses.
Gerontological Nursing |
Laywomen who initially tried to fill the demand for more nursing care during the expansion to the New World were ineffective, as they were without role models or training. In the Hospital, Nursing Home and Community. Nursing Care of the Older Adult: As the skill and knowledge base of gerontological nurses has continued to accelerate, there has been gerohtic corresponding growth in education, with the development of undergraduate baccalaureate, graduate masters, and postgraduate Ph.
Handbook of Gerontological Nursing. Improving the Health Care of Older People: